For purposes of a psychoanalytic inquiry, I have assumed that the plays are closely connected with Shakespeare's life experiences. In this view, no clear evidence suggests that Gertrude was an adulteress. Claudius demonstrates an authoritative control over the language of a King, referring to himself in the first person plural, and using anaphora mixed with metaphor that hearkens back to Greek political speeches.
The sudden deterioration in family finances and prestige, the discontinuance of his schooling, the hasty forced marriage to an older woman already pregnant when another marriage had been licensedthe deer poaching compounded by a defiant public attack upon an important personage, and his leaving his family fit a pattern of delinquent adolescent behavior as unacceptable in Elizabethan times as now.
The three parts of Henry VI as well as Richard HI and Titus Andronicus reveal preoccupation with the destructive power of the phallic woman and the passive dependent man's fear that he will be killed or driven mad. It was during the Elizabethan era that madness started to become medicalised and was seen as humoral in nature; it was also associated with gender and religion.
This is also the period when the question of Hamlet's delay is brought up, as previously it could be seen as plot device, while romantics focused largely on character. The line appears to base this decision on his believed predestination as the killer of the king, no matter what he may do.
I conjure thee by all the saints in heaven! Cantor points out that most interpretations of Hamlet such as the Psychoanalytic or Existentialist see "the problem of Hamlet as somehow rooted in his individual soul" whereas Cantor himself believes that his Heroic theory mirrors "a more fundamental tension in the Renaissance culture in which he lives".
Gontar in his book Hamlet Made Simple proposes that most of the puzzles in the play can be resolved by conceiving of Prince Hamlet as the son of Claudius, not Hamlet the Dane. Gontar reasons that his depression is a result of having been passed over for the Danish throne which is given inexplicably to the King's brother.
By means of this fantasy [the writer] protected himself against the consequences of his experience. It was this powerful depiction of female vengeance that first called public attention to Shakespeare.
One involves a father who insists on his right to choose a husband for his defiant daughter and also on his right to kill her if she does not obey him. For example, Laertes moves quickly to be "avenged most throughly of [his] father", while Fortinbras attacks Poland, rather than the guilty Denmark.
Her recollections thus appear to coincide with the time before Shakespeare left his family. You judge it straight a thing impossible To compass wonders, but by help of devils V, iv: Although the theories of Enlightenment had started to permeate into society, religion and God still strongly influenced the way in which people interpreted their world.
No, not a creature enters in my house.
Like the Romantics, Jones takes as a starting point that the audience for a dramatic work should relate to the characters on stage as if they were real people, and not simply fictitious creations No dramatic criticism of the personae in a play is possible except under the pretense that they are living people, and surely one is well aware of this pretense.
Theatres were closed under the Puritan Commonwealthwhich ran from — Even the many critics who defended Hamlet took for granted the necessity of the classical canon in principle.
In the world of the theater such a situation is unusual. Launce confuses the dog with the man. Humanists living prior to Shakespeare's time had argued that man was godlike, capable of anything. In the sleeping or somnambulistic state, the repression gives way to free expression and her innate cowardice becomes dominant.
Thus far I have found nothing in the plays to cause doubt that he did write them and many details to indicate that he did.
I have had a dream, past the wit of man to say what dream it was: Feminist critics have explored her descent into madness in her defense.
It was indeed a reversal of accepted thought to say that demons were the products of the deranged mind rather than the cause of it. As roughly as my modesty would let me.
His language is very self-conscious, and relies heavily on puns. All the characters in the play become convinced that one of the twins is insane.
The physical change that Bottom undergoes may symbolize a mental disturbance.
He has difficulty expressing himself directly, and instead skirts around the basic idea of his thought. In this play within a play, a nobleman discovers a chronic alcoholic, Christopher Sly, in a drunken stupor.
It begins and ends with the leading character, a poet named Berowne, facing the prospect of entering an institution.From its premiere at the turn of the 17th century, Hamlet has remained Shakespeare's best-known, most-imitated, and most-analyzed play.
The character of Hamlet played a critical role in Sigmund Freud's explanation of the Oedipus complex and thus influenced modern psychology. Even within the narrower field of literature, the play's influence has been strong. Essays and criticism on William Shakespeare - Psychoanalytic Interpretations of Shakespeare's Works.
William Shakespeare Psychoanalytic Interpretations of Shakespeare's Works - Essay. Given an understanding of what Sigmund Freud considered to be the essential Oedipal feelings common to all men, and the effects of the repression used to keep these guilty fantasies at bay, Freudian critics then go on to address what they consider the heart of the matter in Hamlet; the reasons for Hamlet's seeming delay in killing Claudius.
Ernest Jones essay "The Oedipus Complex as an Explanation of Hamlet"s Mystery" was first published in The American Journal of Psychology in January of It was published in German the following year as a monogram, and then revised and expanded in when it appeared under the title "A Psycho-Analytic Study of Hamlet" as the first chapter in Jones' book, Essays in Applied Psycho-Analysis.
Shakespearean Criticism: Hamlet (Vol. 44) - Psychoanalytic Interpretations I 3 The 19th century critic who tended to read the plays back to the psyche of their creator was, of course.
The Psychoanalysis of Lady Macbeth From The Hysteria of Lady lietuvosstumbrai.com H. Coriat, M.D. Boston: Four Seas Co.
The sleep-walking scene is not mentioned in Holinshed and it must therefore be looked upon as an original effort of Shakespeare's creative imagination.Download